Visualizzazione ingrandita della mappa
Spanish Steps , with the Trinità dei Monti is one of the most famous squares of Rome . It owes its name to the palace Spain , Embassy of the state at the Iberian Holy See .
At the center of the square is the famous Barcaccia Fountain , which dates to the early Baroque period, sculpted by Pietro Bernini and his son, the most famous Gian Lorenzo Bernini .
Right corner of the staircase is the home of English poet John Keats , who lived and died in 1821, now converted into a museum dedicated to his memory and that of his friend Percy Bysshe Shelley , full of books and memorabilia English Romanticism . Left corner is, however, Babington's Tea Room founded in 1893.
Side of via Frattina stands the Palace of Propaganda Fide , owned by Holy See . In front of its facade, designed by Bernini (In the front side instead of Borromini ), stands the Column of the Immaculate Conception that was raised two years after the proclamation of the dogma (1856).
The monumental stairway of 135 steps, was inaugurated by Pope Benedict XIII at the Jubilee of 1725 , it was realized (thanks to funding of the French from 1721 to 1725) to connect ' ; Spanish embassy (where the square is named) to the church of Trinita dei Monti.
It was designed both Alexander Mirrors from Francesco De Sanctis after generations of long and heated discussions about how the steep slope on the side of Pincio should be urbanized to connect it to church. The final solution chosen was that of Francesco De Sanctis : a grand staircase decorated with many garden terraces , which in spring and summer is beautifully decorated with many flowers. The sumptuous, aristocratic staircase, located at the apex of a long road that led to the Tiber was designed so that approaching the stage effects were increasing gradually. Typical of the great Baroque architecture was in fact the creation of long, deep perspectives culminating with the fifth or backgrounds monumental character.
The staircase was restored in 1995.