Visualizzazione ingrandita della mappa
Piazza Navona is one of the most famous squares of Rome . Its shape is that of an ancient stadium, and was built in monumental style by Pope Innocent X Pamphili family.
Piazza Navona is where the timing of ' ancient Rome was the stadium of Domitian , which was built by Emperor Domitian in 85 AD in the third century and was restored by Alexander Severus. It was 275 meters long, 106 wide and could hold 30,000 spectators.
The stage was richly decorated with statues, one of which is to Pasquino (perhaps a copy of a Hellenistic group Pergamon presumed representative Menelaus supporting the body of Patroclus), now in the square next to square Navona .
Since it was a stage and not a circus, there were no carceres (the gates from which came the horses) or the plug (the dividing wall around which ran horses) such as Circus Maximus , but everything was free and used for racing athletes. The obelisk now stands at the center of the square was not there, but comes from the Circus Maxentius , who was on the Via Appia.
The name of the square was originally "in agone ", the stadium was used exclusively for athletics. It is absolutely true that Piazza Navona was used for naval battles. The square was usually flooded in August to ensure that you do not feel so hot.
Here were held the challenges of all kinds: from boxing to naval battles, poetry and athletics. Like almost all the places for entertainment and recreation of the ancient Romans, was surrounded by bars and brothels.
Prostitutes luxury mislead customers exhibiting paintings on which they explained their specialties.
The slaves, however, were exposed naked to the pillory of potential customers. This humiliation was shared St. Agnes Christian virgin, which was protected by the eager eyes thanks to the miraculous growth of her hair. She is dedicated to the church designed by Borromini . In summer days, at sunset, bathed in the shadow of the obelisk Rivers Fountain marks, such as a compass sundial imaginary, the scan time.

And 'the finest hour of Piazza Navona . The edges will crumble in a glow archaic. The razor light illuminate this unique stage tricks and passion set in the heart of Rome .
The story batter, fold its grandeur, marked by a theatrical backdrop of stone, Pacios tread of Roman families, mothers pushing prams, the thud of the ball bouncing against valuable facades, the shouting of children playing.
It 's the most sincere Rome, the secret city that always coexists with the weight of past glory.
There are also troops of the Japanese camera and the inevitable forced turn, but this still remains''a theater, an exhibition,''gaiety. As he described it Gioacchino Belli .

Above the frame unmistakable design, the cobalt sky to take a look distracted baroque splendor of the great inventions, rubbing his flashes of genius seventeenth-century style. Here, the symbol of indolence, the pure taste of life in the world that nothing can disturb. Faithful to the sonnet by Belli, the greatest Roman poet, Roman citizens could not care less of the bustle of tourists in what they consider their place. It is not a matter of history, but echoes. What the Romans love this enchanted place is the perfect agreement of the musical tones of the capital. Popular cries that intersect with the echoes of ancient bells. With its mysterious facades, churches and fountains proved by genius, by sun and time, Piazza Navona is a curve and choral sound, a huge reservoir instrumental unparalleled.
As a theater of stone, the show is his destiny. A soundboard unchanged over time, the Baroque jewel more radiant

Arriving by way of Coronari , the street of antique shops, is suddenly and unexpectedly thrown open in this setting. And the dream theater materializes instantly. And 'the harmony of an architectural miracle without imbalances, a bazaar of masterpieces surrounded by stories and legends. Here, in the past, you can watch the jugglers and wandering. And still, between rhyming verse and painters looking for portraits, it is not uncommon to come across the street mimes and actors with the foot plate. But, unlike other places,''the business''accalappiaturisti maintained a spontaneous and unorganized popular in line with the tradition that assigns Piazza Navona the role of space for parties and games. No coincidence here, beginning of December till the Epiphany, crazy fair dedicated to Christmas.

And 'ancient history , which originated in the Middle Ages when, on the steps of the ancient stadium of Domitian , the new district was built. Top huts were then replaced by who created palaces, around the old track for races, today's form of the square. So it is easy to understand the origin of the name, derived from agon (competition), then transformed into nagone (swede) in memory of naval battles, naval games in the plaza filled with water, lifted in mid-800.

If you need to go back to the ancient stadium, of which traces remain in the basement of the church of St. Agnes in Agony , to explain the origin of the square is in the seventeenth century formed the character today. Between four hundred and five hundred, in fact, the vast central space was occupied by the rides and markets, before hosting the signs of the power of Pope Innocent X Pamphili.

Among these, the best known is the astonishing Rivers Fountain , topped by granite obelisk from the Circus of Maxentius . Around the obelisk, scrutinized by Pope Innocent X, developed the legendary rivalry between Bernini and Borromini , that the sooner we can get the job, already ; entrusted Borromini , thanks to a cunning ploy, or donating all'ingorda Donna Olimpia (his bust carved dall'Algardi, is preserved in the Galleria Doria Pamphili) , sister of the pope, a copy of the fountain project in pure silver.

However things went, one thing is certain: when Innocent X saw the completed work could not avoid dall'esclamare: ''Bernini, with us there this sudden joy have increased ten years of life''. Baroque masterpiece , the fountain consists of a cliff on which sit the personification of the Nile , the Ganges , the Danube and Rio de la Plata , symbols of the four parts of the world known at the time. According to legend, however, the gestures of the statues are a kind of grimace of Bernini against rival Borromini , author dell'antistante church of Sant'Agnese in agon : the Rio de la Plata raises his hand to protect the collapse of the facade, while the Nile covers her face to avoid seeing the horrors of the building.