Visualizzazione ingrandita della mappa
Vatican City is an independent sovereign state on the right bank of the Tiber, in Rome tiny size, the state Vatican what remains of the temporal dominions of the Church, the late nineteenth century were annexed to Italy together.
The arrangement of St. Peter's Square (1656-1667) is due to the genius of Gian Lorenzo Bernini , who built here his most famous work of architecture. The space was then divided into two parts: the first reverse trapezoidal with the longer side along the front, which, thanks to the particular perspective effect, assumed a more slender, the second oval with the imposing colonnade architrave.
Bernini appeared in the draft central clove "interrupting the noble" in continuation of the colonnade, which, if realized, would hide the square and the church than the frontal view. In this way, coming from Ponte Sant'Angelo, the visitor, after passing through the narrow streets of the neighborhood of the village opposite the church, he would suddenly found space in a vast and solemn, he felt awe and wonder.
The aspirations of Bernini never found later, so much so that, with the opening of the Way of Reconciliation (1936-1950) and the gutting of the Borgo district, the facade of the basilica became a monumental fifth after a the long straight.
The church as we see it today, with the ribbed dome stands impressively in the square that seems to welcome all the faithful of the world in the embrace of Mother Church, is the work of the most 'famous architects and geniuses of the Renaissance and Baroque periods, and rests on the foundations of the basilica of Constantine, which lasted over a thousand years and which in turn focused on an area sacred to the pagan-Christian mausoleums.
is the largest of the papal basilicas of Rome , often described as the largest church in the world and the center of Catholicism. However it is not the cathedral of the diocese because that title belongs to the Roman basilica of San Giovanni in Laterano.
The St. Peter is home of the main events of the Catholic faith and is therefore in solemn occasion of the celebrations for Christmas, Easter and Holy Week, the proclamation of new popes and the funeral of those deceased, the opening and closing of the jubilee. Under the pontificate of Pius IX for the meetings of the First Vatican Council, under Pope John XXIII and Paul VI as the Second Vatican Council.
Within Vatican City there are the Vatican Museums and art collections are one of the largest in the world, since they display an enormous collection of art works accumulated over the centuries by Popes.
The museum was founded by Pope Julius II in the sixteenth century.
The Vatican Museums , which occupy most of the vast courtyard of the Belvedere, were Visited by 4,441,734 people in 2008, confirming its position as the most visited museum "Italian", though it must be remembered that this is not really being in territory which belong to the Italian Republic. The Vatican Museums , rightly called the plural, are actually a set of museums and collections. Currently include: Museums and groups visited the Vatican palaces.
The Sistine Chapel and the papal apartments frescoed by Raphael part of the works that museum visitors can admire in their path. The Sistine Chapel in Rome is one of the most famous cultural and artistic treasures Vatican City, inserted into the path of Vatican Museums . It was built between 1475 and 1481, the time of Pope Sixtus IV della Rovere, which named. is known around the globe is to be the place where you take the conclave and other official ceremonies of the Pope, including some papal coronations, is to be decorated by one of the most famous works of art and celebrated civilization Western art, Michelangelo's frescoes, which cover both the time (1508-1512) is the wall of the Last Judgement over the altar (1535-1541). The walls also keep a series of frescoes by some of the greatest Italian artists of the second half of the fifteenth (Sandro Botticelli, Perugino, Pinturicchio, Domenico Ghirlandaio, Luca Signorelli, Piero di Cosimo and others).
The Chapel is on the right of St. Peter in the Apostolic Palace, accessible from the imposing Royal Hall.